Advocacy, Rights & the Law
Did You Know?
- The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities states that everyone has the right to an inclusive education. Canada was among the first countries to sign the convention.
- The Ontario Human Rights Commission has affirmed that educational services must promote inclusion and full participation.
- Regulation 181/98 of the Education Act in Ontario has called for placement of children who have an intellectual disability in regular classrooms as a first option.
- 67% of Canadian children who have an intellectual disability are not included in a regular classroom. Numbers are thought to be higher in Ontario. Controversial documentation and complications because of labeling make this difficult to determine
- Education for All: K-6
- Ontario Human Rights Code
- Ontario Human Rights Commission Guidelines on Accessible Education
- Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms:
- Know Your Educational Rights
- How to Advocate Effectively for your Child
- Arch Disability Law Centre
- Who is responsible for my child’s education? (Ministry of Education)
- The Education Act
- Psychological Testing: What do I need to know?
- Do I need a Lawyer?
- Learning For All: K to 12 – Ministry of Education Policy Document
- Communicating with Your School: Sample letters, tips for communicating with school personnel, assertive communication techniques.
- Resources on collaboration in inclusive education (between teachers and families) VIDEO
- Education and Disability: Human Rights Issues in Ontario’s Education System
- Shared Solutions - A Guide to Preventing and Resolving Conflicts Regarding Programs and Services for Students with Special Education Needs
- How to Deal With Suspensions
- Safe Schools Legislation: disabilities must be considered before students are suspended or expelled: see Sections 2 and 3 (about “mitigating factors”) at
- Ministry of Education on Suspension/Expulsion
- Ministry of Education: Special Education Website